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Official Portal of IJCFH Universiti Malaysia Kelantan


Authors Guideline

International Journal of Creative Future and Heritage (TENIAT) is committed to ensuring the highest standards of publication ethics whereas the publication malpractice is strictly prohibited by all possible measure. Our responsibility is to publish original work of value to the intellectual community in the best possible form and to the highest possible standards. We expect similar standards from our reviewers and authors. Honesty, originality and fair dealing on the part of authors, and fairness, objectivity and confidentiality on the part of editors and reviewers are among the critical values that enable us to achieve our goal. TENIAT endorses and behaves in accordance with the codes of conduct and international standards established by the Committee on Publication Ethics. TENIAT is committed to following best practices on ethical matters, errors, and retractions, and to provide legal review if necessary.
    1. The Editors are responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published;
    2. The Editors may discuss with other editors or reviewers in making decision;
    3. The Editors evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors;
    4. The Editors must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate;
    5. The Editors should ensure a fair and appropriate peer review process;
    6. Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used by anyone who has a view of the manuscript in his or her own research without the express written consent of the author;
    7. The Editors should guard the integrity of the published record by issuing corrections and retractions when needed and pursuing suspected or alleged research and publication misconduct.
    1. The Editorial Board must keep information pertaining to submitted manuscripts confidential.
    2. The Editorial Board must disclose any conflicts of interest.
    3. The Editorial Board must evaluate manuscripts only for their intellectual content.
    4. The Editorial Board is responsible for making publication decisions for submitted manuscripts.
    1. Information regarding manuscripts submitted by authors should be kept confidential and be treated as privileged information;
    2. Reviews should be conducted objectively. There shall be no personal criticism of the author. Reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments;
    3. Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that had been previously reported elsewhere should be accompanied by the relevant citation;
    4. Reviewers should request to the Editors attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge;
    5. In case, any reviewer feels that it is not possible for him/her to complete review of manuscript within stipulated time then the same must be communicated to the editors, so that the same could be sent to any other reviewer;
    6. Reviewers should not review manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.
    1. The Authors should submit papers only on work that has been conducted in an ethical and responsible manner and that complies with all relevant legislation;
    2. The Authorspresent   their   results   clearly,   honestly,  and   without   fabrication, falsification or inappropriate data manipulation;
    3. The Authors should endeavor to describe their methods clearly and unambiguously so that their findings can be confirmed by others;
    4. The Authors should adhere to publication requirements that submitted work is original, is not plagiarized, and has not been published elsewhere;
    5. The Authors must certify that the manuscript is not currently being considered for publication elsewhere;
    6. The Authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others this must be appropriately cited;
    7. The Authors should take collective responsibility for submitted and published work;
    8. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Duplicitous or expressively inaccurate statements constitute unethical behaviour and are unacceptable;
    9. Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work;
    10. The Authors should ensure that the authorship accurately reflects individuals’ contributions to the work and its reporting; and where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged;
    11. The Authors should disclose relevant funding sources and any existing or potential conflicts of interest. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed;
    12. When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editors and the editor to retract or correct the paper.
TENIATaccepts manuscripts that have not been published elsewhere and are not under consideration for publication by other print or electronic media. The authors agree to transfer the copyright to TENIAT editorial office. Download the Copyright Transfer form at
It is hoped that this list will be useful during the final checking of an article prior to sending it to the Editor. Ensure that the following items are present:
  • One Author designated as corresponding Author:
  • E-mail address
  • Full postal address
  • Telephone and fax numbers
  • All necessary files have been uploaded
  • Keywords
  • All figure captions
  • All tables (including title, description, footnotes)
  • Manuscript has been "spellchecked" and "grammar-checked" 
  • References are in the correct format for this journal 
  • All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa 
  • Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources 

Authors are encouraged to submit their manuscript through email to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it  

This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it 
. The electronic manuscript shall be prepared in accordance to the “Manuscript Preparation Guide”. All submissions will be subjected to a review process by the respective panel of experts. Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the copyright-holder.

No page charges: Publication in this journal is free of charge.
Corresponding authors will be given the choice to buy extra offprints before printing of the article.
No length limitations for contributions are set, but only concisely written papers are published. Brief articles are considered on the basis of technical merit. Discussions of previously published papers are welcome.
Published 2 times in a year
TENIAT is free for authors, researchers, academicians, postgraduate students and visitors.

Manuscript Preparation

These instructions are written in a form that satisfies all of the formatting requirements for the author manuscript. Please use them as a template in preparing your manuscript. Authors must take special care to follow these instructions concerning margins. The basic instructions are simple:

    • Manuscript shall be formatted for an A4 size page.

    • The top, left and right margins shall be 30 mm.
    • The bottom margin shall be 25 mm.
    • The text shall have both the left and right margins justified.


The manuscript should be organized in the following order: Title of the paper, Authors' names and affiliation, Abstract, Key Words, Introduction, Body of the paper (in sequential headings), Conclusion, Acknowledgements (where applicable), References, and Appendices (where applicable).

A. The Title

The title is centered on the page and is CAPITALIZED AND SET IN BOLDFACE (font size 12 pt). It should adequately describe the content of the paper. An abbreviated title of less than 60 characters (including spaces) should also be suggested.

B. Author’s Name and Affiliation

The author's name(s) follows the title and is also centered on the page (font size 12 pt). A blank line is required between the title and the author's name(s). Last names should be spelled out in full and succeeded by author's initials. The author's affiliation, complete mailing address, and e-mail address (all in font size 12 pt) are provided below. Phone and fax numbers do not appear.

C. Abstract

A nonmathematical abstract, not exceeding 200 words, is required for all papers. It should be an abbreviated, accurate presentation of the contents of the paper. It should contain sufficient information to enable readers to decide whether they should obtain and read the entire paper. Do not cite references in the abstract.

D. Key Words

The author should provide a list of three to five key words that clearly describe the subject matter of the paper.

E. Text Layout

The manuscript must be typed single spacing. Use extra line spacing between equations, illustrations, figures and tables. The body of the text should be prepared using Times New Roman. The font size used for preparation of the manuscript must be 12 points. The first paragraph following a heading should not be indented. The following paragraphs must be indented 10 mm. Note that there is no line spacing between paragraphs unless a subheading is used. Symbols for physical quantities in the text should be written in italics.

F. Section Headings

Section headings should be typed centered on the page and in capital letters only. The type, fonts and style above (Times New Roman 12 point bold) are an example of a section heading. Do not underline section headings. A bold font should be used for section headings. The headings should be numbered.

G. Subheadings

Subheadings should be positioned at the left margin, in a bold-faced font the same size as the main text (Times New Roman 12 point) with single line spacing above and below. The first letter of each word in the subheading should be capitalized.

H. Sub-subheadings

Sub-subheadings should be typed using italic font the same size as that used for the body of the text (Times New Roman 12 point italics). Only the first letter in the subheading should be capitalized. Note that a blank line precedes and follows the subheading.

I. Equations and Mathematical Expressions

Equation numbers should appear in parentheses and be numbered consecutively. All equation numbers must appear on the right-hand side of the equation and should be referred to within the text. Two different types of styles can be used for equations and mathematical expressions. They are:

    • In-line style
    • Display style.

In-line style

In-line equations/expressions are embedded in paragraphs of the text. For example, E = mc2 . In-line equations should not be numbered.

Display style

Equations in display format are separated from the paragraphs of text. They should be flushed to the centered of the column. Fractional powers should be used instead of root signs. A slash (/) should be used instead of a horizontal line for fractions, whenever possible; for example, use 2/3 for two-thirds. Refer to equations in the text as " Eq.(1)" or, if at the beginning of a sentence, as " Equation (1)". Vectors should be typed boldface. Do not use arrows, wavy-line underscoring, etc.

J. Figures and Tables

Figures (diagrams and photographs) should be numbered consecutively using arabic numbers. They should be placed in the text soon after the point where they are referenced. Figures should be centered in a column and should have a figure caption placed underneath. Captions should be centered in the column, in the format “Figure 1” and are in upper and lower case letters. When referring to a figure in the body of the text, the abbreviation "Figure" is used Illustrations must be submitted in digital format, with a good resolution. Table captions appear centered above the table in upper and lower case letters. When referring to a table in the text, "Table" with the proper number is used. Captions should be centered in the column, in the format “Table 1” and are in upper and lower case letters. Tables are numbered consecutively and independently of any figures. All figures and tables must be incorporated into the text (in Portrait orientation).

K. Units

The use of SI units is strongly recommended and mixed units are to be avoided.

L. Conclusion

A conclusion section must be included and should indicate clearly the advantages, limitations and possible applications of the paper. Discuss about future work.

M. Acknowledgements

An acknowledgement section may be presented after the conclusion, if desired. Individuals or units other than authors who were of direct help in the work could be acknowledged by a brief statement following the text.

N. References

The APA format 6 edition referencing system is to be used. In the body of the text a paper is to be referred to by the author’s surname with the year of publication in parentheses. References should be listed together at the end of the paper in alphabetical order by author’s surname. List of references indents 10 mm from the second line of each reference. Personal communications and unpublished data are not acceptable references.

Journal Papers

Hamada, K. I., Rahman, M. M. & Aziz, A. R. A. (2012). Characteristics of the time-averaged overall heat transfer in a Direct Injection Hydrogen Fueled Engine. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 38(11), 4816-4830.

Rahman, M. M. & Ariffin, A. K. (2006). Effects of surface finish and treatment on the fatigue behaviour of vibrating cylinder block using frequency response approach. Journal of Zhejiang University of Science A, 7(3), 352-360.

Journal titles should not be abbreviated. Note that journal title is set in italics.


Juvinall, R. C. & Marshek, K. M. (2000). Fundamentals of machine component design. New York: John Wiley and Sons.

Stephens, R. I., Fatemi, A., Stephens, R. R. & Fuchs, H. O. (2000). Metal fatigue in engineering. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

Note that the title of the book is italicized and sentence case.

Chapters in Books

Barky, M. E. & Zhang, S. (2005). Fatigue spot welds. Fatigue testing and analysis. Lee et al. (Eds.). New York: Butterworth Heinrahmanemann, 285-311.

Note that the title of the book is italicized and sentence case.

Proceedings Papers

Rahman, M. M., Bakar, R. A., Sani, M. S. M. & Noor, M. M. (2008). Investigation into surface treatment on fatigue life for cylinder block of linear engine using frequency response approach. 15th International Congress on Sound and Vibrations, 2119-2127.

Web Pages

Felippa, C. A. (2011). Advanced finite element methods. Retrieved from /AFM.d/Home.html.

Rockwell Automation. Arena. Retrieved from


Document your study throughout the text by citing the author (or brief title if there is no author) and year of the works you researched. The reader can then locate the complete source in the alphabetical reference list at the end of your work. The in text citation is highlighted in this example:

One author

Rahman (2010) claimed that … or The theory was first put forward in 1960 (Rahman, 2010).

Two authors

Always cite both authors.

Example: Rahman and Noor (2009) found … or The majority found … (Rahman & Noor, 2009).

Multiple authors for 3-5 authors

Cite all authors the first time.

Rahman, Kadirgama, Noor and Rosli (2008) found that … or (Rahman, Kadirgama, Noor & Rosli, 2009).

In subsequent citations include only the surname of the first author followed by et al. (not italicised and with

a full stop after “al”) and the year.

Example: Rahman et al. (2009) or (Rahman et al., 2009).

Multiple authors for 6 or more authors

With six or more authors, cite only the surname of the first author, followed by “et al.”.

Multiple works (when two or more references are cited to make the same point)

List two or more works by different authors who are cited within the same parentheses in alphabetical order by the first author’s surname. Separate the citations with semicolons.

Example: (Rahman, 2010; Rahman & Kadirgama, 2009; Rahman et al., 2011)

Multiple works by the same author

Arrange two or more works by the same author by year of publication. Give author’s surname once; for each subsequent work, give only the date.

Example: University research has indicated that… (Rahman, 2007, 2010).

Page proofs will be sent to the corresponding author for final checking. Corrections to the proofs must be restricted to printer’s errors: any other changes to the text, in equations or grammar, may be charged to the author. Proofs should be returned to the editors within three days of receipt to minimize the risk of the author’s contribution having to be held over to a later issue. The editors do not accept responsibility for the correctness of published contents. It is the author’s responsibility to check the content at proof stage.